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Cover image for The Nehalem Tillamook : an ethnography
The Nehalem Tillamook : an ethnography
1st ed.
Publication Information:
Corvallis, Or. : Oregon State University Press, 2003.
Physical Description:
xii, 260 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
Material culture and subsistence -- Social organization -- The life cycle -- Worldview and ceremonial expression -- Expressive culture.
In 1933 and 1934, Elizabeth Jacobs, advised by her husband, anthropologist Melville Jacobs, conducted fieldwork on the Nehalem Tillamook culture of northwestern Oregon. Working with her Nehalem Tillamook consultant Clara Pearson, Jacobs recorded extensive ethnographic and folkloric materials that far surpass in quality and quantity the Tillamook research of previous investigators. Jacobs's collaboration with Pearson eventually resulted in the publication of "Nehalem Tillamook tales," a collection of myths and tales recorded in English. But the companion ethnography was never finished. The Nehalem Tillamook grew from that unfinished manuscript. In consultation with Elizabeth Jacobs, the manuscript was expanded and extensively edited by William Seaburg. After Elizabeth Jacobs's death in 1983, Seaburg added careful annotations and a detailed historical introduction. The result is a remarkable book that makes a major contribution to our understanding of Nehalem Tillamook culture and will be invaluable for drawing comparisons with other Northwest native cultures.
Added Author:
Electronic Access:
Table of contents http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip046/2003015974.html


Call Number
970.32 Jacobs 2003
970.1 J15

On Order


Author Notes

William R. Seaburg is associate professor of Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences at the University of Washington, Bothell.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Like far too many Native American groups, the indigenous peoples of western Oregon were almost totally destroyed by white settlement. Disease, forced relocation to poor land, loss of even the barest resources, and outright genocide eliminated most, leaving a few dispossessed survivors; these few were sought out by ethnographers who recorded, all too briefly, what they could of the old languages and cultures. Among the most indefatigable were Melville and Elizabeth Jacobs. They saved from oblivion several traditions, thus greatly enriching the record of the human spirit. The present book marks the first publication of this straightforward account of the Nehalem Tillamook of the northwest Oregon coast. Added is an excellent introduction by Seaburg (Univ. of Washington, Bothell), who acknowledges that early ethnographers had their biases and problems (although Elizabeth Jacobs had fewer than most). For all their limitations, these dedicated souls and their Native American friends conserved a vast amount of beautiful and powerful knowledge that now enriches all of humanity, and should be an inspiration to those seeking to halt still-ongoing genocide and "culturocide." ^BSumming Up: Essential. Area specialists and anyone interested in Native American cultures, upper-division undergraduates and above. E. N. Anderson University of California, Riverside

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. viii
Abbreviationsp. ix
Principal Ethnolinguistic Groups of the Southern Northwest Coastp. x
Major Tillamook Ethnolinguistic Subgroupsp. xi
Principal Nehalem Tillamook Villages in the Mid-Nineteenth Centuryp. xii
Editor's Introduction to The Nehalem Tillamook: An Ethnographyp. 1
1. The Tillamookp. 2
2. Rocking Chair Ethnographyp. 5
3. History of Ethnographic and Linguistic Research on the Tillamook Indiansp. 28
4. Jacobs's Tillamook Research in Comparative Perspectivep. 36
5. Biographiesp. 47
6. The Editor's Role in Transforming the Ethnographyp. 58
Author's Introductionp. 64
1 Material Culture and Subsistencep. 69
Introductionp. 69
Housesp. 70
Canoesp. 73
Huntingp. 75
Cookingp. 76
Important Seasonal Foodsp. 80
Body Decorationp. 84
Clothingp. 87
Ceremonial Attire and Accessoriesp. 89
Natural Medicines and Hygienep. 91
Miscellanyp. 94
2 Social Organizationp. 96
Introductionp. 96
Slaves and Slave Raidingp. 97
War Expeditionsp. 99
Dispute Settlementp. 101
Headmenp. 103
Marriage and Sexualityp. 107
Wedding Arrangements and Ceremonyp. 107
Polygynyp. 112
Extent of Levirate-Sororatep. 114
Child Betrothalp. 115
Behavior Toward In-Laws and Other Affinesp. 117
Post-Menopause Sexualityp. 118
Transvestismp. 120
3 The Life Cyclep. 122
Birth, Infant Care, and Adolescencep. 122
Babylandp. 122
Pregnancyp. 124
Wet Nursep. 126
Ear Piercing and Namingp. 130
Care of Childrenp. 131
Daily Round of a Childp. 132
Adolescencep. 134
Death, Burial, Purification, and Mourningp. 140
Deathp. 140
Burialp. 141
Reburialp. 143
Purificationp. 144
Mourningp. 146
Inheritancep. 148
4 Worldview and Ceremonial Expressionp. 149
Introductionp. 149
Obtaining Guardian Spirit Powersp. 150
Shamans and Shamanismp. 153
Introductionp. 153
Procedures of a Drawing Doctorp. 155
Sucking Doctors: Femalep. 159
The Winter Dancep. 163
Spirit Doctors and the Spirit Worldp. 168
Two Spirit Doctors Known to Pearsonp. 174
General Notes on Shamansp. 175
The Love-Doctorp. 175
Guardian Spirit Powersp. 177
Doctoring Powersp. 177
Hunting Powersp. 182
Wealth Powersp. 184
Bird Powersp. 185
Miscellaneous Powersp. 187
Bad Powersp. 189
Wild Woman and Insanity Conceptsp. 190
The Southwest Wind Dancep. 195
Cosmologyp. 198
Sun and Moonp. 198
Eclipsesp. 200
Solsticesp. 201
Starsp. 201
Earthp. 201
Weatherp. 202
The First Salmon Ceremonyp. 203
Treatment of Animalsp. 205
5 Expressive Culturep. 206
Folklorep. 206
Music and Songsp. 206
Lullabyp. 207
Spirit Power Songsp. 207
Fun Songsp. 207
Dreamsp. 208
Gamesp. 213
Etiquettep. 215
Appendix 1 Northwest Coast Language Classificationp. 216
Appendix 2 Biographical Notes on Tillamook Persons Discussed in the Ethnographyp. 219
Appendix 3 Inventory of Jacobs's Nehalem Tillamook Sound Recordingsp. 229
Appendix 4 A Guide to the Nehalem Tillamook Linguistic Transcriptionsp. 233
Notesp. 234
Bibliographyp. 245
Indexp. 254